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<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>I am wholly in favor of this idea.  The <st1:country-region
w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">US</st1:place></st1:country-region> should offer
decommissioned Minuteman ICBM rocket engines for commercial space usage to
American customer/companies for the smaller payloads.  And it would make
good sense to recycle the engines.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>It would make also additional good geopolitical sense in the
view of those <st1:country-region w:st="on">US</st1:country-region> policy
makers who are so inclined, that they send the strongest signal to Putin and
his inner circle that their territorial misadventures in <st1:country-region
w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Russia</st1:place></st1:country-region>’s
near abroad have negative consequences.  <o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'>Via spacenews.com<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><a
href="http://spacenews.com/hyten-tries-to-find-sweet-spot-on-surplus-icbm-issue/">http://spacenews.com/hyten-tries-to-find-sweet-spot-on-surplus-icbm-issue/</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Arial'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><b><font size=4 color="#333332" face=Arial><span
style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:#333332;background:white;
font-weight:bold'>Hyten tries to find “sweet spot” on surplus ICBM
issue <o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><b><font size=4 color="#333332" face=Arial><span
style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:#333332;background:white;
font-weight:bold'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></b></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><b><font size=4 color="#333332" face=Arial><span
style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:#333332;background:white;
font-weight:bold'>by Mike Gruss — April 15, 2016 – <o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><b><font size=4 color="#333332" face=Arial><span
style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:#333332;background:white;
font-weight:bold'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></b></p>

<p style='background:white'><st1:City w:st="on"><font size=2 face=Arial><span
 style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>COLORADO
 SPRINGS</span></font></st1:City><font size=2 face=Arial><span
style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>, <st1:State
w:st="on">Colo.</st1:State> – The head of Air Force Space Command said <st1:country-region
w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">U.S.</st1:place></st1:country-region> launch
companies should be able to buy rocket motors from decommissioned
intercontinental ballistic missiles to power commercial launches, but at a
price that would not put the rest of the commercial small launch industry at a
disadvantage.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p style='background:white;box-sizing: border-box;margin:0.7rem 0px;font-size:
1.1rem;text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;orphans: auto;text-align:start;
widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><font size=2
face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>Current
<st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">U.S.</st1:place></st1:country-region>
policy says that launch companies cannot use the rocket motors to launch
commercial satellites and can only use them for national security missions in
certain instances.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p style='background:white;box-sizing: border-box;margin:0.7rem 0px;font-size:
1.1rem;text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;orphans: auto;text-align:start;
widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><font size=2
face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>“From
a taxpayer perspective, wouldn’t it be better to get some value out of
them rather than destroy it?” Gen. John Hyten, the head of Air Force
Space Command, said during a press briefing April 14 at the 32nd Space
Symposium here. “From an Air Force perspective, there’s a sweet
spot there because those ICBMs actually have value.” U.S. Launch
companies disagree over whether Congress should allow the Air Force to sell
some of the hundreds of decommissioned ICBMs.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p style='background:white;box-sizing: border-box;margin:0.7rem 0px;font-size:
1.1rem;text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;orphans: auto;text-align:start;
widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><font size=2
face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>Orbital
ATK, which uses ICBM solid rocket motors for its Minotaur 4 launch vehicle to
carry payloads weighing between 500 and 2,000 kilograms,<span
class=apple-converted-space> </span><a
href="http://spacenews.com/op-ed-ending-ban-on-retired-icbms-would-allow-u-s-companies-to-reclaim-small-satellite-launch-market/"
style='box-sizing: border-box;line-height:inherit'><font color=black><span
style='color:windowtext'>says lifting the commercial ban on
surplus  ICBMs would allow it to compete for missions that might
otherwise go to Russian rockets and other cheap foreign launchers.</span></font></a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p style='background:white;box-sizing: border-box;margin:0.7rem 0px;font-size:
1.1rem;text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;orphans: auto;text-align:start;
widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><font size=2
face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>But
other small launch ventures, notably Virgin Galactic, which is developing its
LauncherOne vehicle for payloads around 200 kilograms,<span
class=apple-converted-space> </span><a
href="http://spacenews.com/op-ed-dumping-excess-boosters-on-market-would-short-circuit-commercial-space-renaissance/"
style='box-sizing: border-box;line-height:inherit'><font color=black><span
style='color:windowtext'>say lifting the ban would give Orbital ATK an unfair
advantage. </span></font></a>A consortium of eight small launch companies
calling themselves the Next-Generation Launch Coalition, wrote the Senate Armed
Services Committee in March to oppose any change in current law.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p style='background:white;box-sizing: border-box;margin:0.7rem 0px;font-size:
1.1rem;text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;orphans: auto;text-align:start;
widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><font size=2
face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>Lawmakers
are expected to learn more about the issue at an April 19 hearing titled “The
Commercial Space Launch Industry: Small Satellite Opportunities and
Challenges,” before the House Science space subcommittee.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p style='background:white;box-sizing: border-box;margin:0.7rem 0px;font-size:
1.1rem;text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;orphans: auto;text-align:start;
widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><font size=2
face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>“If
we make those available  — not for free — but available, at the
right number, I think there’s a sweet spot there,” Hyten said.
“You can’t give ICBMs away. That gives someone an unfair
advantage.”<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p style='background:white;box-sizing: border-box;margin:0.7rem 0px;font-size:
1.1rem;text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;orphans: auto;text-align:start;
widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><font size=2
face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>However,
the Air Force also needs a small commercial launch sector for the long term.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p style='background:white;box-sizing: border-box;margin:0.7rem 0px;font-size:
1.1rem;text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;orphans: auto;text-align:start;
widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><font size=2
face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;letter-spacing:.2pt'>“Whatever
we do with those ICBMs, we can’t destroy the commercial launch sector.
“<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

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