[FPSPACE] Fwd: [lunar-update] Recently in DARPA Category - NASAHackSpace

LARRY KLAES ljk4 at msn.com
Sat Jan 26 01:37:28 EST 2013

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-----Original Message-----
From: Larry Kellogg
Sent: 1/26/2013 5:00:27 AM
To: lunar-update at mailman1.altair.com
Subject: [lunar-update] Recently in DARPA Category - NASAHackSpace
Recently in DARPA Category  -  NASAHackSpace

Since I have mentioned DARPA in a few posts I thought I would check out some science fiction references that hit on things DARPA was looking into.  Since the list is alphabetical, the first one shown is for "Avatar".
- LRK -
DARPA Project List (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)

DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) was established 1958 in response to the Soviet launch of Sputnik. DARPA reports directly to the Secretary of Defense; however, it operates independently of the rest of military research and development. Its basic principles are:

 *   Small and flexible, with a flat organization structure
 *   Autonomous organization
 *   World-class scientists and engineers work with representatives from industry, universities and government labs
 *   Project-based style; technical staff rotated every 3-5 years
 *   Program managers are selected to be technically outstanding and entrepreneurial.

Here's a listing of the DARPA-related projects presented on the Technovelgy site:

 *   DARPA Avatar Program Coming, But Will Soldiers Want To?<http://www.technovelgy.com/ct/Science-Fiction-News.asp?NewsNum=3558>
How much of your tax money would you spend on a program to recreate Avatar, a movie in which a human is "uploaded" to a robot?


How much of your tax money would you spend on a program to recreate Avatar, a movie in which a human is "uploaded" to a robot?* Whenever a science-fictional desire exists, DARPA is ready to meet that desire (and if you don't think so, see my DARPA Project List<http://www.technovelgy.com/ct/Technology-Article.asp?ArtNum=59>).

The DARPA Avatar program is not quite like the movie: what they want are "interfaces and algorithms to enable a soldier to effectively partner with a semi-autonomous bipedal machine and allow it to act as the soldier's surrogate."


That made me check out some other archive lists.
- LRK -

This link is an archive list of articles that Keith Cowling posted with DARPA interests.
This list is by latest to previous which shows the recent topic about satellite repair and back last year we see the "Avatar" project mentioned.  A lot in between as well.
- LRK -

Recently in DARPA Category  -  NASAHackSpace
Phoenix Rising: Advances in Satellite Repurposing Program<http://nasahackspace.com/2013/01/phoenix-rising-advances-in-satellite-repurposing-program.html>
By Keith Cowing<http://spaceref.net/mt-cp.cgi?__mode=view&blog_id=22&id=52> on January 23, 2013 9:56 PM
DARPA Has A Program Called "Avatar"<http://nasahackspace.com/2012/02/darpa-has-a-program-called-avatar.html>
By Keith Cowing<http://spaceref.net/mt-cp.cgi?__mode=view&blog_id=22&id=52> on February 18, 2012 2:48 PM


Let me give you one more list to look at should you be so inclined.
For those in the US, it is your tax money at work.
- LRK -


January 22, 2013 at 6:15PM
DARPA touts progress on Phoenix program to salvage dead satellites

February 19, 2012 at 7:03AM
DARPA's 'Avatar project' aims to give soldiers surrogate robots, makes James Cameron proud


And the WIRED magazine article where the Avatar project appeared.
- LRK -

Pentagon's Project 'Avatar': Same as the Movie, but With Robots Instead of Aliens
BY KATIE DRUMMOND 02.16.12 4:51 PM

Soldiers practically inhabiting the mechanical bodies of androids, who will take the humans' place on the battlefield. Or sophisticated tech that spots a powerful laser ray, then stops it from obliterating its target.

If you've got Danger Room's taste in movies, you've probably seen both ideas on the big screen. Now Darpa, the Pentagon's far-out research arm, wants to bring 'em into the real world.

In the agency's $2.8 billion budget for 2013<http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/02/darpa-budget-death-ray/>, unveiled on Monday, they've allotted $7 million for a project titled "Avatar." The project's ultimate goal, not surprisingly, sounds a lot like the plot of the same-named (but much more expensive) flick.


Just for fun I down loaded the DARPA 336 page budget PDF file and so far the "Avatar project" has not appeared in my blurry eyes.  Your viewing may have better luck. In any case a lot things to think about.
- LRK -

FY 2013 Budget Estimates - Darpa<http://www.darpa.mil/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=2147484865>
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
UNCLASSIFIED. Department of Defense. Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 President's BudgetSubmission. February 2012. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ...



Budgets are available on the Department of Defense (DoD) Comptroller<http://www.darpa.mil/External_Link.aspx?url=http://comptroller.defense.gov/Budget2010.html> website. DoD also maintains a searchable database<http://www.darpa.mil/External_Link.aspx?url=http://www.dtic.mil/descriptivesum/> for budget information.

FY 2013 Budget Estimates (2.62 MB .pdf)<http://www.darpa.mil/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=2147484865>


[Tells you to read and then Cick to leave DARPA site. -LRK -]

You are now leaving the Web Information Service site that is under the control and management of DARPA. The appearance of this hyperlink does not constitute endorsement by DARPA nor the DoD of the destination web site or the information, organizations, products, or services contained therein, nor does DARPA or the DoD exercise any responsibility at the destination. This link is provided consistent with the stated purpose of this web site.

After reading this message, click http://www.dtic.mil/descriptivesum/... to continue immediately.


The problem with searchable data bases is you need to know how the data base is set up to ask the right questions
Avatar is not a title the search engine wanted on the input form. :-(
However ...
- LRK -

[PDF] TACTICAL TECHNOLOGY<http://www.dtic.mil/descriptivesum/Y2013/DARPA/0602702E_2_PB_2013.pdf>
Service/Agency: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
Budget Activity: 2 - Applied Research
Program Element Number: 0602702E
www.dtic.mil<http://www.dtic.mil>/descriptivesum/Y2013/DARPA/0602702E_2_PB_2013.pdf - 39k - Text Version<http://dsearch.dtic.mil/search?q=cache:7lpsYAIyXTgJ:www.dtic.mil/descriptivesum/Y2013/DARPA/stamped/0602702E_2_PB_2013.pdf+allintitle:+TACTICAL+TECHNOLOGY&site=rdds&client=rdds&proxystylesheet=rdds&output=xml_no_dtd&ie=UTF-8&access=p&oe=UTF-8>

on page 9 of 30 pages, and down the page a bit. - LRK -

Title: Avatar
Description: Key advancements in telepresence and remote operation of ground systems are being made towards the ultimate goal of developing remotely operated robotic systems that can operate in dismounted environments. In order to demonstrate the utility of bi-pedal machines on real missions and accelerate their development, the synergistic partnership between machine and operator must be leveraged. The Avatar program will develop interfaces and algorithms to enable a soldier to effectively partner with a semi-autonomous bi-pedal machine and allow it to act as the soldier's surrogate. Once developed, Avatar will allow soldiers to remain out of harm's way while still leveraging their experience and strengths to complete important missions such as sentry/perimeter control, room clearing, combat casualty recovery, and, eventually, dismounted combat maneuver. Anticipated service users include the Army, Marines and Special Forces.

FY 2013 Plans:
- Investigate power, locomotion, perception and control of surrogate bipedal machine platforms.
- Begin initial development of algorithms to allow the function of a bidirectional master controller between a human user and a remote bipedal machine.
- Initiate investigations into tethered and untethered power options to allow operation over relevant mission envelopes.

FY 2013: 7.000 ($ in Millions)


Well that was an interesting exercise and the WIRED magazine article was correct.  Just nice to be able to get back to the source and nice to know you can find these on the the Internet<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Internet>.  We have come a long way since the early Bulletin Boards<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulletin_board_system> and CompuServe<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CompuServe>.

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After the last post about Drones I did a Google search for Vijay Kumar and found this TED talk where talks about agile robots, in this case small quadrotors.

The PBS NOVA special on drones only had a few clips, while at the TED talk he shows several videos.

I had a little trouble with my WiFi not keeping up with the presentation and they suggest down loading the mp4 files, which I ended up doing.

Standard-res: 54.8 MB   VijayKumar_2012.mp4    Frame height 288, Frame width 512 Length 00:16:46

High-res: 111 MB    VijayKumar_2012_480p.mp4 Frame height 480, Frame width 854 Length 00:16:46

Watching 20 small quadrotors fly in formation and adjust their formation to fly through a window frame, two side by side, without touching each other was pretty good. Having a quadrotor fly through a tossed hoop wasn't bad either.

AviationWeek blog
Are Small, Networked Satellite Clusters the Future?
Posted by Paul McLeary<http://www.aviationweek.com/UserProfile.aspx?newspaperUserId=156820> 4:32 PM on Jul 13, 2011
If the scientists at DARPA-the Pentagon's Big Think research arm-get their way, in a few years' time there may be networked clusters of dozens or even hundreds of small, cheap, disposable satellites working together to take the place of the large, expensive, and not easily replaced chunks of hardware currently floating around in orbit.

DARPA has spent tens of millions of dollars<http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/Modular-Space-DARPA-Awards-Phase-2-Systems-F6-Contract-06044/> working on something called "System F6" (Future, Fast, Flexible, Fractionated, Free-Flying Spacecraft) for several years now, with the goal of having an ad hoc wireless network tie groups of sat clusters together so that they can autonomously share tasks like processing, data storage, sensing, communications relay and navigation, while trading off missions between them if any one sat fails, or falls out of orbit. (AvWeek's Graham Warwick has a great piece on the program here.<http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_channel.jsp?channel=defense&id=news/awst/2010/01/04/AW_01_04_2010_p35-193417.xml&headline=Darpa%20Pursues%20On-Orbit%20Networking>) While DARPA has said that it wants to conduct an on-orbit demonstration in 2014-2015, Raytheon announced on Tuesday that its BBN Technologies segment had been awarded a $2.4 million to design the network the sats will use.

PE 0603287E: SPACE PROGRAMS AND TECHNOLOGY  (page 2 of 11)
Title: System F6

Description: The objective of the System F6 program is to demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of a satellite architecture wherein the functionality of a traditional "monolithic" spacecraft is replaced by a cluster of wirelessly-interconnected spacecraft modules. Each such "fractionated" module would contribute a unique capability, for example, computation and data handling, communications relay, guidance and navigation, payload sensing, or it can replicate the capability of another module. The fractionated modules would fly in a loose, proximate cluster orbit capable of semi-autonomous reconfiguration or a rapid defensivescatter/re-gather maneuver. Critical to this architecture is a robust, system-level approach to ensuring security, integrity, and availability, while implementing authentication and non-repudiation. While delivering a comparable mission capability to a monolithic spacecraft, System F6 significantly enhances architectural and programmatic adaptability and robustness-reducing risk through the mission life and spacecraft development cycle, enabling incremental deployment of the system, and enhancing survivability. The System F6 architecture provides valuable options to decision makers throughout the life cycle development of future space systems that are absent in present-day monolithic architectures.


Multi-Robot Cooperation in Space: A Survey (8 pages)



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