[FPSPACE] Military Space Forces Changeover

Keith Gottschalk kgottschalk at uwc.ac.za
Wed Dec 21 06:39:22 EST 2011

Well, this ends the world's only case where Missile Forces were a branch of the armed forces equal to the Army, Navy, & Air Force.
Or does that still apply to the Strategic Missiles Forces? 
Who now have Saint Barbara as their Patron Saint?
   Russia has always had Air Defence as a separate branch of the armed services, due to fear of the Luftwaffe, then the USAF SAC.
   I wonder if their next year budget for cosmonautics is going up or down in real terms?  Goodness knows how many years we'll have to wait for Phobos-Grunt III.
- Keith

>>> On 2011/12/21 at 01:15 PM, in message <1591.519e0b29.3c2319c1 at aol.com>, <PeterRBond at aol.com> wrote:


AFIK this story from Jane's Defence Weekly has not been widely published elsewhere. Thought it might be of interest.
Peter B
Web: http://bondspace.co.uk
Russia stands up air and missile defence command, by Peter Kazimiroff,  JDW Correspondent, Moscow
Russia officially launched its Aerospace Defense Forces (VKO) on 1 December, according to Colonel Alexei Zolotukhin, spokesman for the new command. The VKO brings together Russia's air defence and missile defence systems, as well as the country's missile early warning and space control and monitoring systems, under a unified and integrated command-and-control structure. The space launch centre in Plesetsk is also included in the new command structure. The command's headquarters are located near the village of Zarya in the Moscow region. Lieutenant General Oleg Ostapenko, the commander of the VKO from November 2011 (and former commander of the Russian Space Forces), said the structure would enable Russia to substantially increase the effectiveness of information assets and weapon systems that might be used against any activity of a potential enemy "in the air and in outer space". He said: "The VKO system is capable of destroying enemy ballistic missiles attacking important state objects, observing space objects, detecting threats coming from space and responding to such threats, as well as launching space- craft and fulfilling other tasks."
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