[FPSPACE] NASA Releases Restored Apollo 11 Moonwalk Video

Rick Kline kline at astro.cornell.edu
Thu Jul 16 14:35:05 EDT 2009

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: 	NASA Releases Restored Apollo 11 Moonwalk Video
Date: 	Thu 16 Jul 2009 11:30:02 EDT
From: 	NASA News <hqnews at mediaservices.nasa.gov>
To: 	NASA News <hqnews at mediaservices.nasa.gov>

July 16, 2009

Bob Jacobs 
Headquarters, Washington 
bob.jacobs at nasa.gov 

Mark Hess 
Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. 
mark.s.hess at nasa.gov   

RELEASE: 09-166


WASHINGTON -- NASA released Thursday newly restored video from the 
July 20, 1969, live television broadcast of the Apollo 11 moonwalk. 
The release commemorates the 40th anniversary of the first mission to 
land astronauts on the moon. 

The initial video release, part of a larger Apollo 11 moonwalk 
restoration project, features 15 key moments from the historic lunar 
excursion of Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. 

A team of Apollo-era engineers who helped produce the 1969 live 
broadcast of the moonwalk acquired the best of the broadcast-format 
video from a variety of sources for the restoration effort. These 
included a copy of a tape recorded at NASA's Sydney, Australia, video 
switching center, where down-linked television from Parkes and 
Honeysuckle Creek was received for transmission to the U.S.; original 
broadcast tapes from the CBS News Archive recorded via direct 
microwave and landline feeds from NASA's Johnson Space Center in 
Houston; and kinescopes found in film vaults at Johnson that had not 
been viewed for 36 years. 

"The restoration is ongoing and may produce even better video," said 
Richard Nafzger, an engineer at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in 
Greenbelt, Md., who oversaw television processing at the ground 
tracking sites during Apollo 11. "The restoration project is 
scheduled to be completed in September and will provide the public, 
future historians, and the National Archives with the highest quality 
video of this historic event." 

NASA contracted with Lowry Digital of Burbank, Calif., which 
specializes in restoring aging Hollywood films and video, to take the 
highest quality video available from these recordings, select the 
best for digitization, and significantly enhance the video using the 
company's proprietary software technology and other restoration 

Under the initial effort, Lowry restored 15 scenes representing the 
most significant moments of the three and a half hours that Armstrong 
and Aldrin spent on the lunar surface. NASA released the video 
Thursday at a news conference at the Newseum in Washington. 

On July 20, 1969, as Armstrong made the short step off the ladder of 
the Lunar Excursion Module onto the powdery lunar surface, a global 
community of hundreds of millions of people witnessed one of 
humankind's most remarkable achievements live on television. 

The black and white images of Armstrong and Aldrin bounding around the 
moon were provided by a single small video camera aboard the lunar 
module. The camera used a non-standard scan format that commercial 
television could not broadcast. 

NASA used a scan converter to optically and electronically adapt these 
images to a standard U.S. broadcast TV signal. The tracking stations 
converted the signals and transmitted them using microwave links, 
Intelsat communications satellites, and AT&T analog landlines to 
Mission Control in Houston. By the time the images appeared on 
international television, they were substantially degraded. 

At tracking stations in Australia and the United States, engineers 
recorded data beamed to Earth from the lunar module onto one-inch 
telemetry tapes. The tapes were recorded as a backup if the live 
transmission failed or if the Apollo Project needed the data later. 
Each tape contained 14 tracks of data, including bio-medical, voice, 
and other information; one channel was reserved for video. 

A three-year search for these original telemetry tapes was 
unsuccessful. A final report on the investigation is expected to be 
completed in the near future and will be publicly released at that 

NASA Television will provide an HD video feed of the Apollo footage 
hourly from 12 - 7 p.m. on July 16 and 17. Each feed is one hour. For 
NASA TV streaming video, downlink and schedule information, visit: 


A copy of the newly restored scenes from the Apollo 11 restoration 
effort can be found at: 


NASA's Apollo 40th anniversary Web sites provide easy access to 
various agency resources and multimedia about the program and the 
history of human spaceflight, including a gallery of Apollo 
multimedia features. Visit the site at: 



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   "Better to wave at a stranger than to ignore a friend."
 Rick Kline
 Data Manager, Spacecraft Planetary Imaging Facility
 317 Space Sciences Building
 Cornell University
 Ithaca, NY   14853-6801

 e-mail:                     Phone:          fax:
 kline at astro.cornell.edu  607-255-3833    607-255-9002
 web: http://astro.cornell.edu/facilities/SPIF.php

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