[FPSPACE] Pravda: "Russia Continues to Surpass Americans in the Space Race"

james oberg joberg@houston.rr.com
Sat, 31 Jan 2004 09:38:54 -0600


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Source: Pravda

http://english.pravda.ru/mailbox/22/98/387/11928_space.html

01/30/2004

Russia Continues to Surpass Americans in the Space Race

On July 25, 1969, many Americans watched their televisions in
awe as astronaut Neil Armstrong walked on the moon and said,
"One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Americans
were amazed at what advances in technology had produced: a man
on the moon. Ticker tape parades greeted returning astronauts.
America had proven itself a leader in the space race.

Lately, some have begun to suggest that this was not the case at
all; some people have suggested that America never made it to
the moon and that it was just an illusion made with trick
photography. Bart Sibrel is one of those people. He made a video
called, "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Moon," in
which he provides much documentation to suggest that man has yet
to walk on the moon. Is this possible? Could have America faked
the entire moon landing?

On first thought, it might sound ludicrous for many - to think
that man has not walked on the moon. After all, it would require
such a grand conspiracy that, certainly, someone who was privy
to such information would have spoken. Nevertheless, there are
those who are skeptical of this moon-walking.

Surprisingly, some of the ideas presented by them are not as
preposterous as they might sound. Based on surveys, it has been
estimated that between 6 and 20 percent of Americans do not
believe a man actually walked on the moon. Are 6-20 percent of
Americans fools, or are they a little brighter than the rest?

In order to fully understand the claim that man did not walk on
the moon, the events leading up to this event that most
Americans consider an historic fact must be re-examined and
scrutinized. We must go back in time, when the space race
between Russia (or the Soviet Union, as it was known then) first
started. By doing this, I feel that you will better understand
the arguments both for and against the claim of man walking on
the moon.

What I present here may shock many fellow Americans, as we
generally view our nation and its space exploration program as
being, by far, superior to that of all other nations. After all,
we were the first nation to have "a man walk on the moon" (or so
we believe). While this might possibly be true that America was
the first nation to have a man walk on the moon (though there is
evidence to suggest otherwise). As difficult as it may be for
many to admit, this appears to be the only "first" America had
in the great space race.

If we are to be honest, during the "space race" from the late-
1950s until the time American astronauts were to have walked on
the moon, Russia was utterly devastating America. This was
probably both due to the fact that Russians were highly educated
and the fact that, with Russia's strict Communist leadership at
the time, failure was not an option. And Russia's society
encouraged intelligence, whereas America's society has
beenencouraging a host of things - such as artying and
irresponsibility - none of which promoted intelligence.

In 1957, America was astonished, as was the rest of the world,
when it was discovered that a Russian satellite, Sputnik, had
gone into outer space. People were absolutely amazed that such a
device made it into outer space. Not only was the scientific
community of America in awe, but so too was the American
military, who were greatly concerned about Russia having the
ability to put such a device in outer space.

Later that year, Russia again made a first, when a small dog,
Laika (which means "barker"), was launched into outer space.
This again sent shockwaves throughout the world. Americans heard
about this and were astonished that a dog went into outer space.
This dog was actually put into orbit, and unfortunately died 6
hours later while in space, not being able to withstand the
rigors involved.

Meanwhile, in 1957, while America stood shocked at Russia's
progress, America attempted to launch its own satellite into
outer space. This was meant to show the Russians that America
too was a contender in the space race. A satellite was to
accompany the rocket, which had been tested for stress. America
felt everything was prepared. But the rocket blew up at the
launch pad, never leaving the ground. It was an international
embarrassment.

In 1959, trying to copy what Russia had done two years prior,
America was finally getting an animal into outer space. A couple
of monkeys went up only 300 miles for just 15 minutes total.
This, of course, was a far cry from the orbit in which the
Russian dog was put two years previous. However, the monkeys did
return alive.

While America was sending rockets up for 15 minutes in 1959,
Russia was again making shockwaves when its satellite Luna-1
flew by the moon. Later in 1959, the Russian satellite Luna-2
reached the moon's surface and left national symbols of the
then-USSR. Again in 1959, the satellite Luna-3 made another
first for Russia, when it took pictures of the far side of the
moon, transmitting these pictures back to Russia.

Russia also had the first space probe to circle the earth.

A couple years later in 1961, Russia then became the first
country to have a man orbit the earth, Yuri Gagarin, who road
aboard the space craft Vostok. This again astonished the
international community, who were surprised that such a feat
never tried before could be accomplished. While the Russians
were orbiting the earth, the American Alan Shepard was launched
just 115 miles into space, not even going close to the distance
Russia's dog had traveled two years prior; and he landed in the
Atlantic Ocean 15 minutes later. Meanwhile, Russia again had
nother first in 1961, when its interplanetary probe Venera-1 was
launched to Venus.

In 1962, America became the second country to have a man of its
own in orbit around the earth, John Glenn. Parades greeted John
Glenn when he returned. Due to his notoriety, he later became a
U.S. Senator because Americans care more for celebrity status
than fit politicians.

President John F. Kennedy at this time said America would have a
man on the Moon by the end of the decade. He was later
assassinated in 1964, leaving his dream of having a man on the
moon to be fulfilled by others.

In 1962, Russia was the first nation to have two rockets with
cosmonauts in outer space at the same time. It was known as the
first "formation flying" in space when the two manned
spacecraft, Vostok-3 and Vostok-4, traveled near each other in
unison.

In 1963 Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first
woman in space. She was aboard the Vostok-6. Not only was this
significant by the fact that she was a woman, but she was also
just a regular person, who had worked at a textile factory. So
she was also the first public citizen in space, not being the
typical cosmonaut.

In 1964, trying to duplicate what Russia had done back in 1959,
America launched the Ranger VII, which took pictures of the moon
and then crash-landed into it. Nevertheless, it did send some
interesting images of the moon, close-up images that attracted a
great deal of curiosity to Americans, who might have only been
able to have seen such images if Russia had shared theirs.

In 1964, Russia became the first nation to have launched two
satellites, Elektron-1 and Electron-2, while just using one
rocket.

In 1965, tragedy struck when the American rocket Atlas blew up
on the launch pad, causing incredible damage. This terrible
event sent a chill up many potential astronauts' backs. It re-
emphasized the importance of safety precautions. Some feel that
this accident was not quite that - that it may have very well
have ended that way due to some astronauts not wanting to go
along with a plan; in short, some feel they were assassinated by
their very own government. It is not known what evidence such
thoughts are based on, however, if any.

Russia too had a disaster related to safety at a different time,
in which many engineers died. This had occurred several years
prior. Nevertheless, over the years, Russia has shown itself to
be much, much safer in its space flights and landings than
America.

In the year that America's rocket was smoldering on the launch
pad, on March 18, 1965, Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov took the first
space walk, a ten-minute tethered excursion outside Voshkod 2.
On June 3, 1965, Edward White II is the first American to walk
in space on Gemini 4, though not as far out in space. He stayed
out for 22 minutes.

In 1966, Neil Armstrong and other astronauts went in space
aboard the Gemini VIII and Agina. They met amid outer space and
docked. Later, a malfunction with Armstrong's rocket caused him
to return to earth prematurely, but fortunately no one was
injured.

Meanwhile in 1966, Russia became the first nation to have an
unmanned space probe, the Lunar IX, to actually land softly on
the moon. It transmitted pictures from its surface back to
earth. Also in 1966, the Venera-3 became the first spacecraft to
reach the surface of Venus. National symbols of the USSR were
left there. In 1966, Russia had the first satellite put in orbit
around the moon, the Lunar X space probe.

In 1967, Russia had the first two unmanned spacecrafts that
automatically met in space then docked and undocked.

Also in 1967, tragedy struck three American astronauts who died
while sitting inside a rocket. Their capsule burst into flames.
The reason why it caught fire is largely unknown; it is thought
to have started as the result of a spark of unknown origin that
was somehow able to ignite the extremely well-insulated fuel
tanks. Again, some feel that there may be more to this incident
than we currently know.

In 1968, Russia's unmanned rocket Zond-5 became the first to
travel around the moon and return back to earth unscathed.
Russia was the first to have a manned spacecraft orbit the
earth, Vostok, several years prior. Russia had already showed
the world that it was the first to have an unmanned spacecraft,
the Lunar IX, softly land on the moon, and now it showed the
world that it could even have an unmanned spacecraft circle the
moon and return, with Zond-5.

Why didn't Russia then send up a man on one of its spacecrafts
to the moon? It would have seemed simple enough. I'll get to
this later.

1969 - Again, Russia had another first: The first docking of
manned spacecraft (Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5), and crew transfer from
one spacecraft to the other through open space.

1969 - Still another first for Russia occurred: The first
formation flying of three manned spacecraft, Soyuz-6, Souyz-7
and Soyuz-8, during which they maneuvered relatively close to
each other, with ground facilities providing simultaneous
support for the three spacecraft.

Meanwhile, in America, the end of the decade was approaching.
The late-President John F. Kennedy's dream was becoming just
that: a dream. Violence gripped America, with the war in Viet
Nam and racial riots across America's cities. America's leaders
were desperately looking for "heroes" - some people to keep the
public's minds off of the problems at home. America was looking
for something to distract Americans from the failing policies.
America's leaders wanted to show the world that its insane
policies were a match to the highly educated Russians and their
orderly society. While America's wars at home and abroad were
causing much turmoil, America desperately needed some "pride" -
 anything for which to be proud.

Russians had wanted to go to the moon. However, there were many
concerns with safety. The Van Allen Belts released a deadly
radiation that could easily fry a person to death. Plus, the
moon is 250,000 miles away - quite a distance. While I'm not
familiar with how fast the rockets were, traveling at 1,200
miles per hour, it would be approximately a 20-day journey each
way, provided there were no problems. Even at 2-3 times that
speed, it would still be a difficult journey. The amount of fuel
required would be staggering, with the added weight of people,
food, air, supplies, etc. Yet somehow, these rockets managed to
go much, much faster in a zero atmosphere with nothing with
which to propel? Perhaps, the speed is possible, yet one cannot
deny the deadly radiation rays out in space known as the Van
Allen Belts.

One cosmonaut who was sent in far outer space reportedly
experienced the Van Allen Belts harmful effects firsthand.
According to various sources, while he left white, he came back
black; he was cooked to a crisp due to the harmful radiation.
This was despite heavy shielding to dissipate any rays, which
did no good. Those who knew about this incident were reportedly
devastated.

Then, suddenly, out of nowhere, as Americans and the rest of the
world stood in front of their televisions, two astronauts
stepped on the moon in 1969. Up until then, America was putting
people about 400 miles away in orbit - far away from the harmful
Van Allen Belts. But suddenly Americans made it into outer space
- landing and walking on the moon - 250,000 miles away, no less?

In 1965, the U.S. made a fake moon landscape, which was used for
testing a space vehicle. Some have suggested the scenery for the
moon landing was faked. Could this have been it?

Russia seemed to continue to have "firsts" - except for the moon
landing. On April 19, 1971, they had the first Space Station.
The Soviets launch Salyut 1, the first orbiting space station.
Salyut 1's original crew reportedly died during re-entry on June
30, 1971. Georgi Bobroeolski, Vladislav Volkov, and Victor
Patsayev had spent a new record of 23 days in outer space.

It wasn't for two more years that the first American Space
Station - May 14, 1973 - was developed. The first American space
station, Skylab, is damaged during launch. The first of three
crews arrive 11 days later for a 28-day stay. They make in-orbit
repairs and set records for time spent in space.

Russia had the first woman, Svetlana Savitskaya, to participate
in a space walk on July 17, 1984. With her partner, Vladimir
Dzhanibekov, she conducted welding experiments for over three
hours outside the Soviet space station Salyut 7. Savitskaya had
become the second woman to fly in space during a Soviet mission
in 1982.

There were all these "firsts" by Russia. Yet Russia has yet to
land a man on the moon? Why? While people seldom hear about it,
nor do they listen even if so, Russian Cosmonaut Boris Volynov
has gone on record saying that he does not believe that
Americans landed on the moon. It seems he is far from the only
one to think this way. Indeed, it is doubtful he is the only
cosmonaut to feel this way.

Further, one astronaut - Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk
on the moon - has confirmed some doubts. This is not to say that
he supports the contention that man did not land on the moon.
 He is an astronaut, after all. He probably enjoys the
notoriety. And you have to wonder if some of the past astronauts
might have been given the death sentence for planning to go on
record about such things? Or were there merely some bad
"accidents"? Whatever the case may be, Armstrong is getting
older. And he does seemingly admit that something is amiss.

Indeed, there is definitely something wrong here. If you take a
moment to view video footage of the moon landing by U.S.
astronauts from back in the 1960s, you'll notice that the dust
kicked up by astronauts immediately settles down, just as if it
was sand on the beach. Yet we all know that not only does the
moon have less gravity, but it also has zero-atmosphere.
Therefore, the moon dust should travel further given the force
and little to counteract it. Yet, for some strange, unexplained
reason, the moon dust resettles back to the ground at the same
gravitational rate of 32 ft./sec. as the earth.

In a letter I received back from the astronaut Armstrong, which
asked him about this strange fact of the same gravitational pull
on both the moon and earth, the response I was sent surprisingly
admitted that, yes, the gravitational pull should be different.
Of course, Armstrong didn't come right out and admit that this
was the case. That might be the death sentence for him - similar
to what 3 other U.S. astronauts experienced in the 1960s when
their simulated rocket mysteriously blew up during a ground test?
Oh, it was just an accident? It makes you pause for a moment.

Now, of course, it looks like the race to Mars has begun. U.S.
President George W. Bush has stated that, perhaps, man will walk
on Mars by the year 2020. Bush stated that NASA may send
astronauts to the moon again so that they may experience the
effects of space travel shortly before sending them to Mars.

But if you look at the facts, you really have to wonder: Has man
made it to the moon yet?

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<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Source: Pravda<BR><BR><A=20
href=3D"http://english.pravda.ru/mailbox/22/98/387/11928_space.html">http=
://english.pravda.ru/mailbox/22/98/387/11928_space.html</A><BR><BR>01/30/=
2004<BR><BR>Russia=20
Continues to Surpass Americans in the Space Race<BR><BR>On July 25, =
1969, many=20
Americans watched their televisions in<BR>awe as astronaut Neil =
Armstrong walked=20
on the moon and said,<BR>"One small step for man, one giant leap for =
mankind."=20
Americans<BR>were amazed at what advances in technology had produced: a=20
man<BR>on the moon. Ticker tape parades greeted returning =
astronauts.<BR>America=20
had proven itself a leader in the space race.<BR><BR>Lately, some have =
begun to=20
suggest that this was not the case at<BR>all; some people have suggested =
that=20
America never made it to<BR>the moon and that it was just an illusion =
made with=20
trick<BR>photography. Bart Sibrel is one of those people. He made a=20
video<BR>called, "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Moon," =
in<BR>which he=20
provides much documentation to suggest that man has yet<BR>to walk on =
the moon.=20
Is this possible? Could have America faked<BR>the entire moon =
landing?<BR><BR>On=20
first thought, it might sound ludicrous for many - to think<BR>that man =
has not=20
walked on the moon. After all, it would require<BR>such a grand =
conspiracy that,=20
certainly, someone who was privy<BR>to such information would have =
spoken.=20
Nevertheless, there are<BR>those who are skeptical of this=20
moon-walking.<BR><BR>Surprisingly, some of the ideas presented by them =
are not=20
as<BR>preposterous as they might sound. Based on surveys, it has=20
been<BR>estimated that between 6 and 20 percent of Americans do =
not<BR>believe a=20
man actually walked on the moon. Are 6-20 percent of<BR>Americans fools, =
or are=20
they a little brighter than the rest?<BR><BR>In order to fully =
understand the=20
claim that man did not walk on<BR>the moon, the events leading up to =
this event=20
that most<BR>Americans consider an historic fact must be re-examined=20
and<BR>scrutinized. We must go back in time, when the space =
race<BR>between=20
Russia (or the Soviet Union, as it was known then) first<BR>started. By =
doing=20
this, I feel that you will better understand<BR>the arguments both for =
and=20
against the claim of man walking on<BR>the moon.<BR><BR>What I present =
here may=20
shock many fellow Americans, as we<BR>generally view our nation and its =
space=20
exploration program as<BR>being, by far, superior to that of all other =
nations.=20
After all,<BR>we were the first nation to have "a man walk on the moon" =
(or=20
so<BR>we believe). While this might possibly be true that America =
was<BR>the=20
first nation to have a man walk on the moon (though there is<BR>evidence =
to=20
suggest otherwise). As difficult as it may be for<BR>many to admit, this =
appears=20
to be the only "first" America had<BR>in the great space race.<BR><BR>If =
we are=20
to be honest, during the "space race" from the late-<BR>1950s until the =
time=20
American astronauts were to have walked on<BR>the moon, Russia was =
utterly=20
devastating America. This was<BR>probably both due to the fact that =
Russians=20
were highly educated<BR>and the fact that, with Russia's strict =
Communist=20
leadership at<BR>the time, failure was not an option. And Russia's=20
society<BR>encouraged intelligence, whereas America's society=20
has<BR>beenencouraging a host of things - such as artying=20
and<BR>irresponsibility - none of which promoted intelligence.<BR><BR>In =
1957,=20
America was astonished, as was the rest of the world,<BR>when it was =
discovered=20
that a Russian satellite, Sputnik, had<BR>gone into outer space. People =
were=20
absolutely amazed that such a<BR>device made it into outer space. Not =
only was=20
the scientific<BR>community of America in awe, but so too was the=20
American<BR>military, who were greatly concerned about Russia having=20
the<BR>ability to put such a device in outer space.<BR><BR>Later that =
year,=20
Russia again made a first, when a small dog,<BR>Laika (which means =
"barker"),=20
was launched into outer space.<BR>This again sent shockwaves throughout =
the=20
world. Americans heard<BR>about this and were astonished that a dog went =
into=20
outer space.<BR>This dog was actually put into orbit, and unfortunately =
died=20
6<BR>hours later while in space, not being able to withstand =
the<BR>rigors=20
involved.<BR><BR>Meanwhile, in 1957, while America stood shocked at=20
Russia's<BR>progress, America attempted to launch its own satellite=20
into<BR>outer space. This was meant to show the Russians that =
America<BR>too was=20
a contender in the space race. A satellite was to<BR>accompany the =
rocket, which=20
had been tested for stress. America<BR>felt everything was prepared. But =
the=20
rocket blew up at the<BR>launch pad, never leaving the ground. It was an =

international<BR>embarrassment.<BR><BR>In 1959, trying to copy what =
Russia had=20
done two years prior,<BR>America was finally getting an animal into =
outer space.=20
A couple<BR>of monkeys went up only 300 miles for just 15 minutes=20
total.<BR>This, of course, was a far cry from the orbit in which =
the<BR>Russian=20
dog was put two years previous. However, the monkeys did<BR>return=20
alive.<BR><BR>While America was sending rockets up for 15 minutes in=20
1959,<BR>Russia was again making shockwaves when its satellite =
Luna-1<BR>flew by=20
the moon. Later in 1959, the Russian satellite Luna-2<BR>reached the =
moon's=20
surface and left national symbols of the<BR>then-USSR. Again in 1959, =
the=20
satellite Luna-3 made another<BR>first for Russia, when it took pictures =
of the=20
far side of the<BR>moon, transmitting these pictures back to=20
Russia.<BR><BR>Russia also had the first space probe to circle the=20
earth.<BR><BR>A couple years later in 1961, Russia then became the=20
first<BR>country to have a man orbit the earth, Yuri Gagarin, who =
road<BR>aboard=20
the space craft Vostok. This again astonished the<BR>international =
community,=20
who were surprised that such a feat<BR>never tried before could be =
accomplished.=20
While the Russians<BR>were orbiting the earth, the American Alan Shepard =
was=20
launched<BR>just 115 miles into space, not even going close to the=20
distance<BR>Russia's dog had traveled two years prior; and he landed in=20
the<BR>Atlantic Ocean 15 minutes later. Meanwhile, Russia again =
had<BR>nother=20
first in 1961, when its interplanetary probe Venera-1 was<BR>launched to =

Venus.<BR><BR>In 1962, America became the second country to have a man =
of=20
its<BR>own in orbit around the earth, John Glenn. Parades greeted =
John<BR>Glenn=20
when he returned. Due to his notoriety, he later became a<BR>U.S. =
Senator=20
because Americans care more for celebrity status<BR>than fit=20
politicians.<BR><BR>President John F. Kennedy at this time said America =
would=20
have a<BR>man on the Moon by the end of the decade. He was =
later<BR>assassinated=20
in 1964, leaving his dream of having a man on the<BR>moon to be =
fulfilled by=20
others.<BR><BR>In 1962, Russia was the first nation to have two rockets=20
with<BR>cosmonauts in outer space at the same time. It was known as =
the<BR>first=20
"formation flying" in space when the two manned<BR>spacecraft, Vostok-3 =
and=20
Vostok-4, traveled near each other in<BR>unison.<BR><BR>In 1963 Russian=20
cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first<BR>woman in space. She =
was=20
aboard the Vostok-6. Not only was this<BR>significant by the fact that =
she was a=20
woman, but she was also<BR>just a regular person, who had worked at a =
textile=20
factory. So<BR>she was also the first public citizen in space, not being =

the<BR>typical cosmonaut.<BR><BR>In 1964, trying to duplicate what =
Russia had=20
done back in 1959,<BR>America launched the Ranger VII, which took =
pictures of=20
the moon<BR>and then crash-landed into it. Nevertheless, it did send=20
some<BR>interesting images of the moon, close-up images that attracted=20
a<BR>great deal of curiosity to Americans, who might have only =
been<BR>able to=20
have seen such images if Russia had shared theirs.<BR><BR>In 1964, =
Russia became=20
the first nation to have launched two<BR>satellites, Elektron-1 and =
Electron-2,=20
while just using one<BR>rocket.<BR><BR>In 1965, tragedy struck when the =
American=20
rocket Atlas blew up<BR>on the launch pad, causing incredible damage. =
This=20
terrible<BR>event sent a chill up many potential astronauts' backs. It=20
re-<BR>emphasized the importance of safety precautions. Some feel =
that<BR>this=20
accident was not quite that - that it may have very well<BR>have ended =
that way=20
due to some astronauts not wanting to go<BR>along with a plan; in short, =
some=20
feel they were assassinated by<BR>their very own government. It is not =
known=20
what evidence such<BR>thoughts are based on, however, if =
any.<BR><BR>Russia too=20
had a disaster related to safety at a different time,<BR>in which many =
engineers=20
died. This had occurred several years<BR>prior. Nevertheless, over the =
years,=20
Russia has shown itself to<BR>be much, much safer in its space flights =
and=20
landings than<BR>America.<BR><BR>In the year that America's rocket was=20
smoldering on the launch<BR>pad, on March 18, 1965, Cosmonaut Alexei =
Leonov took=20
the first<BR>space walk, a ten-minute tethered excursion outside Voshkod =

2.<BR>On June 3, 1965, Edward White II is the first American to =
walk<BR>in space=20
on Gemini 4, though not as far out in space. He stayed<BR>out for 22=20
minutes.<BR><BR>In 1966, Neil Armstrong and other astronauts went in=20
space<BR>aboard the Gemini VIII and Agina. They met amid outer space=20
and<BR>docked. Later, a malfunction with Armstrong's rocket caused =
him<BR>to=20
return to earth prematurely, but fortunately no one=20
was<BR>injured.<BR><BR>Meanwhile in 1966, Russia became the first nation =
to have=20
an<BR>unmanned space probe, the Lunar IX, to actually land softly =
on<BR>the=20
moon. It transmitted pictures from its surface back to<BR>earth. Also in =
1966,=20
the Venera-3 became the first spacecraft to<BR>reach the surface of =
Venus.=20
National symbols of the USSR were<BR>left there. In 1966, Russia had the =
first=20
satellite put in orbit<BR>around the moon, the Lunar X space =
probe.<BR><BR>In=20
1967, Russia had the first two unmanned spacecrafts =
that<BR>automatically met in=20
space then docked and undocked.<BR><BR>Also in 1967, tragedy struck =
three=20
American astronauts who died<BR>while sitting inside a rocket. Their =
capsule=20
burst into flames.<BR>The reason why it caught fire is largely unknown; =
it is=20
thought<BR>to have started as the result of a spark of unknown origin=20
that<BR>was somehow able to ignite the extremely well-insulated =
fuel<BR>tanks.=20
Again, some feel that there may be more to this incident<BR>than we =
currently=20
know.<BR><BR>In 1968, Russia's unmanned rocket Zond-5 became the first=20
to<BR>travel around the moon and return back to earth =
unscathed.<BR>Russia was=20
the first to have a manned spacecraft orbit the<BR>earth, Vostok, =
several years=20
prior. Russia had already showed<BR>the world that it was the first to =
have an=20
unmanned spacecraft,<BR>the Lunar IX, softly land on the moon, and now =
it showed=20
the<BR>world that it could even have an unmanned spacecraft circle =
the<BR>moon=20
and return, with Zond-5.<BR><BR>Why didn't Russia then send up a man on =
one of=20
its spacecrafts<BR>to the moon? It would have seemed simple enough. I'll =
get=20
to<BR>this later.<BR><BR>1969 - Again, Russia had another first: The =
first=20
docking of<BR>manned spacecraft (Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5), and crew transfer =

from<BR>one spacecraft to the other through open space.<BR><BR>1969 - =
Still=20
another first for Russia occurred: The first<BR>formation flying of =
three manned=20
spacecraft, Soyuz-6, Souyz-7<BR>and Soyuz-8, during which they =
maneuvered=20
relatively close to<BR>each other, with ground facilities providing=20
simultaneous<BR>support for the three spacecraft.<BR><BR>Meanwhile, in =
America,=20
the end of the decade was approaching.<BR>The late-President John F. =
Kennedy's=20
dream was becoming just<BR>that: a dream. Violence gripped America, with =
the war=20
in Viet<BR>Nam and racial riots across America's cities. America's=20
leaders<BR>were desperately looking for "heroes" - some people to keep=20
the<BR>public's minds off of the problems at home. America was =
looking<BR>for=20
something to distract Americans from the failing policies.<BR>America's =
leaders=20
wanted to show the world that its insane<BR>policies were a match to the =
highly=20
educated Russians and their<BR>orderly society. While America's wars at =
home and=20
abroad were<BR>causing much turmoil, America desperately needed some =
"pride"=20
-<BR> anything for which to be proud.<BR><BR>Russians had wanted to go =
to the=20
moon. However, there were many<BR>concerns with safety. The Van Allen =
Belts=20
released a deadly<BR>radiation that could easily fry a person to death. =
Plus,=20
the<BR>moon is 250,000 miles away - quite a distance. While I'm =
not<BR>familiar=20
with how fast the rockets were, traveling at 1,200<BR>miles per hour, it =
would=20
be approximately a 20-day journey each<BR>way, provided there were no =
problems.=20
Even at 2-3 times that<BR>speed, it would still be a difficult journey. =
The=20
amount of fuel<BR>required would be staggering, with the added weight of =

people,<BR>food, air, supplies, etc. Yet somehow, these rockets managed =
to<BR>go=20
much, much faster in a zero atmosphere with nothing with<BR>which to =
propel?=20
Perhaps, the speed is possible, yet one cannot<BR>deny the deadly =
radiation rays=20
out in space known as the Van<BR>Allen Belts.<BR><BR>One cosmonaut who =
was sent=20
in far outer space reportedly<BR>experienced the Van Allen Belts harmful =
effects=20
firsthand.<BR>According to various sources, while he left white, he came =

back<BR>black; he was cooked to a crisp due to the harmful =
radiation.<BR>This=20
was despite heavy shielding to dissipate any rays, which<BR>did no good. =
Those=20
who knew about this incident were reportedly<BR>devastated.<BR><BR>Then, =

suddenly, out of nowhere, as Americans and the rest of the<BR>world =
stood in=20
front of their televisions, two astronauts<BR>stepped on the moon in =
1969. Up=20
until then, America was putting<BR>people about 400 miles away in orbit =
- far=20
away from the harmful<BR>Van Allen Belts. But suddenly Americans made it =
into=20
outer space<BR>- landing and walking on the moon - 250,000 miles away, =
no=20
less?<BR><BR>In 1965, the U.S. made a fake moon landscape, which was =
used=20
for<BR>testing a space vehicle. Some have suggested the scenery for =
the<BR>moon=20
landing was faked. Could this have been it?<BR><BR>Russia seemed to =
continue to=20
have "firsts" - except for the moon<BR>landing. On April 19, 1971, they =
had the=20
first Space Station.<BR>The Soviets launch Salyut 1, the first orbiting =
space=20
station.<BR>Salyut 1's original crew reportedly died during re-entry on=20
June<BR>30, 1971. Georgi Bobroeolski, Vladislav Volkov, and =
Victor<BR>Patsayev=20
had spent a new record of 23 days in outer space.<BR><BR>It wasn't for =
two more=20
years that the first American Space<BR>Station - May 14, 1973 - was =
developed.=20
The first American space<BR>station, Skylab, is damaged during launch. =
The first=20
of three<BR>crews arrive 11 days later for a 28-day stay. They make=20
in-orbit<BR>repairs and set records for time spent in =
space.<BR><BR>Russia had=20
the first woman, Svetlana Savitskaya, to participate<BR>in a space walk =
on July=20
17, 1984. With her partner, Vladimir<BR>Dzhanibekov, she conducted =
welding=20
experiments for over three<BR>hours outside the Soviet space station =
Salyut 7.=20
Savitskaya had<BR>become the second woman to fly in space during a =
Soviet=20
mission<BR>in 1982.<BR><BR>There were all these "firsts" by Russia. Yet =
Russia=20
has yet to<BR>land a man on the moon? Why? While people seldom hear =
about=20
it,<BR>nor do they listen even if so, Russian Cosmonaut Boris =
Volynov<BR>has=20
gone on record saying that he does not believe that<BR>Americans landed =
on the=20
moon. It seems he is far from the only<BR>one to think this way. Indeed, =
it is=20
doubtful he is the only<BR>cosmonaut to feel this way.<BR><BR>Further, =
one=20
astronaut - Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk<BR>on the moon - has =
confirmed=20
some doubts. This is not to say that<BR>he supports the contention that =
man did=20
not land on the moon.<BR> He is an astronaut, after all. He probably =
enjoys=20
the<BR>notoriety. And you have to wonder if some of the past =
astronauts<BR>might=20
have been given the death sentence for planning to go on<BR>record about =
such=20
things? Or were there merely some bad<BR>"accidents"? Whatever the case =
may be,=20
Armstrong is getting<BR>older. And he does seemingly admit that =
something is=20
amiss.<BR><BR>Indeed, there is definitely something wrong here. If you =
take=20
a<BR>moment to view video footage of the moon landing by =
U.S.<BR>astronauts from=20
back in the 1960s, you'll notice that the dust<BR>kicked up by =
astronauts=20
immediately settles down, just as if it<BR>was sand on the beach. Yet we =
all=20
know that not only does the<BR>moon have less gravity, but it also has=20
zero-atmosphere.<BR>Therefore, the moon dust should travel further given =
the=20
force<BR>and little to counteract it. Yet, for some strange,=20
unexplained<BR>reason, the moon dust resettles back to the ground at the =

same<BR>gravitational rate of 32 ft./sec. as the earth.<BR><BR>In a =
letter I=20
received back from the astronaut Armstrong, which<BR>asked him about =
this=20
strange fact of the same gravitational pull<BR>on both the moon and =
earth, the=20
response I was sent surprisingly<BR>admitted that, yes, the =
gravitational pull=20
should be different.<BR>Of course, Armstrong didn't come right out and =
admit=20
that this<BR>was the case. That might be the death sentence for him -=20
similar<BR>to what 3 other U.S. astronauts experienced in the 1960s=20
when<BR>their simulated rocket mysteriously blew up during a ground =
test?<BR>Oh,=20
it was just an accident? It makes you pause for a moment.<BR><BR>Now, of =
course,=20
it looks like the race to Mars has begun. U.S.<BR>President George W. =
Bush has=20
stated that, perhaps, man will walk<BR>on Mars by the year 2020. Bush =
stated=20
that NASA may send<BR>astronauts to the moon again so that they may =
experience=20
the<BR>effects of space travel shortly before sending them to =
Mars.<BR><BR>But=20
if you look at the facts, you really have to wonder: Has man<BR>made it =
to the=20
moon yet?<BR></FONT></DIV></BODY></HTML>

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