[FPSPACE] Russian spy satellite buses

Jeff Zerr jjzerr@attbi.com
Fri, 27 Jun 2003 12:28:36 -0600


Any connection between Briz and Breeze, the upper stage used on the Eurockot
commercial vehicle?  It is marketed as a versatile stage, specially
developed for Eurockot.

Jeff Zerr
Boulder, Colorado

-----Original Message-----
From: fpspace-admin@friends-partners.org
[mailto:fpspace-admin@friends-partners.org]On Behalf Of Allen Thomson
Sent: Friday, June 27, 2003 6:40 AM
To: David Anderman; FPSpace
Subject: Re: [FPSPACE] Russian spy satellite buses




> The Ikar upper stage is derived from the Yantar spy satellite. The Fregat
upper stage is derived from the Phobos propulsion system. So, where does
Briz come from?

The original Briz was developed in the mid-1980s as an all-orbit  ASAT to go
on top of SS-19s, partially in response to SDI. It was tested a few times in
suborbital flights in the early 90s, but never, AFAIK, deployed
operationally.