[FPSPACE] Russian spy satellite buses

Allen Thomson thomsona@flash.net
Fri, 27 Jun 2003 07:40:21 -0500

> The Ikar upper stage is derived from the Yantar spy satellite. The Fregat
upper stage is derived from the Phobos propulsion system. So, where does
Briz come from?

The original Briz was developed in the mid-1980s as an all-orbit  ASAT to go
on top of SS-19s, partially in response to SDI. It was tested a few times in
suborbital flights in the early 90s, but never, AFAIK, deployed