[FPSPACE] Russia TV: Secret Control Room "Saves ISS"

JamesOberg@aol.com JamesOberg@aol.com
Thu, 3 Aug 2000 11:17:15 EDT


JimO: Any word from NASA's side on how this secret Russian control center 
"saved" the docking last week??


RUSSIAN TV FEATURES SPACE CONTROL CENTER
MOSCOW TV 6 IN RUSSIAN 1600 GMT 1 AUG 00
 
     THE RUSSIAN MILITARY PEOPLE WHO PROTECT THE COUNTRY'S SECURITY
HAVE TO RELY ON THEMSELVES. DESPITE THE MULTIBILLION [DOLLAR] COST OF THE
EQUIPMENT MANAGED BY RUSSIAN MILITARY ROCKET EXPERTS THEY ARE FAR FROM BEING
SELFISH.
    [CORRESPONDENT] THESE PEOPLE ARE VERY RICH. THEY ARE TRANSFERRING BILLIONS
OF DOLLARS FROM ONE ORBIT TO ANOTHER ON THEIR COMPUTER SCREENS. THESE BILLIONS
OF DOLLARS ARE LOCATED ABOUT 300 KM ABOVE THE GROUND AND ARE CALLED THE 
RUSSIAN 
SATELLITE FLEET - BOTH MILITARY AND CIVILIAN.
    THIS IS AN ESSENTIAL ITEM THAT EVERY STRONG STATE SHOULD POSSESS. IF THE
WELL-KNOWN MISSION CONTROL CENTRE IN KOROLEV [TSUP] COULD BE COMPARED TO A
COMPUTER DISPLAY, THEN THIS CENTRE IS THE ACTUAL COMPUTER. THE DECISIONS ON 
WHEN, WHERE AND HOW OUR SATELLITES SHOULD FLY ARE ADOPTED HERE.
    EVERYTHING SEEMS FINE IN THE GARRISON. WAGES ARE BEING PAID, SOLDIERS ARE
WELL-FED AND A CHILDREN'S CLUB IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION. BUT GIVEN THE CURRENT
FINANCIAL SITUATION THE ROCKET EXPERTS WILL SOON HAVE NOTHING TO CONTROL.
    [ANATOLIY ZAPADINSKIY, CAPTIONED AS THE COMMANDER OF THE SATELLITE FLEET
MISSION CONTROL CENTRE] THE RUSSIAN SHARE OF WORLD SPACE FACILITIES HAS 
DROPPED
FROM 35 TO 8 PER CENT SINCE 1992. RUSSIA OWNS ONLY 8 PER CENT OF ALL SPACE
FACILITIES. THIS IS LESS THAN INDONESIA.
    [CORRESPONDENT] THERE IS NOTHING TO SAY ABOUT MILITARY SATELLITES. THE 
FLEET
HAS BEEN REDUCED BY SEVERAL TIMES. THERE ARE NOT ENOUGH SATELLITES EVEN TO
COVER THE TERRITORY OF REBELLIOUS CHECHNYA.
    CIVILIAN EXPERTS PROVIDE SOME WORK FROM TIME TO TIME. THE FIRST RUSSIAN 
MODULE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION - ZARYA - WAS LAUNCHED 18 MONTHS 
AGO.
EVERYTHING WAS QUIET IN THE TSUP. ABOUT 50 KM AWAY - IN THIS HALL - WORK WAS 
IN 
FULL SWING. ZARYA DID NOT FOLLOW THE ORDERS AND FAILED TO UNDERSTAND A SPECIAL
CODE. IT COULD HAVE LED TO THE MODULE SIMPLY DROPPING OUT OF ORBIT.
    [ZAPADINSKIY] IN THE COURSE OF THREE CIRCUITS LT-COL NAZAROV IDENTIFIED 
THE CODE
AND CORRECTED ALL [WORDS INDISTINCT] SEQUENCES. THE STATION  AND THE ALPHA
INTERNATIONAL SPACE PROGRAMME WERE RESCUED.
    [CORRESPONDENT] DID NAZAROV RECEIVE ANY AWARD FOR THIS?
    [ZAPADINSKIY] YES, HE RECEIVED THE MILITARY SERVICE ORDER AND A PREMIUM 
FROM
THE SUPREME COMMANDER, AND I PAID OFF ALL THE DEBTS WE OWED HIM IN  FOOD
ALLOWANCES FOR THE LAST FOUR YEARS. HE WAS SATISFIED AND HAPPY.
    [CORRESPONDENT] MANY OF THEM HAVE TO LOOK FOR JOBS ON THE SIDE. THERE IS 
NO
WAY TO SURVIVE WITHOUT THIS. BUT THESE PEOPLE ARE VERY RICH. VERY FEW PEOPLE
CAN PART WITH THE BILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN ORBIT AND R300 OF [MONTHLY] FOOD
ALLOWANCE.
    [VIDEO SHOWS THE MAIN ROOM AT THE MISSION CONTROL CENTRE AND SPACECRAFT]
    [DESCRIPTION OF SOURCE: MOSCOW TV 6 IN RUSSIAN -- INDEPENDENT,
ENTERTAINMENT-ORIENTED TV NETWORK FOUNDED BY EDUARD SAGALAYEV BUT
NOW CONTROLLED BY BORIS BEREZOVSKIY; BROADCASTS REACH OVER 60
PERCENT OF RUSSIA'S VIEWING AUDIENCE AND ALSO PARTS OF THE CIS]

FORMERLY SECRET MILITARY MISSION CONTROL CENTER   SHOWN 
MOSCOW RUSSIAN PUBLIC TELEVISION ORT1 IN RUSSIAN 1925 GMT   1 AUG 00
     [PRESENTER IGOR VYKHUKHOLEV] ON TUESDAY [1ST AUGUST], OFFICERS ON DUTY 
AT THE
MAIN TESTS AND SPACE EQUIPMENT CONTROL CENTRE OF THE MILITARY CENTRAL MISSION
CONTROL CENTRE CONDUCTED A 10,000,000TH COMMUNICATION SESSION WITH ONE OF THE
PIECES OF SPACE APPARATUS IN ORBIT.   THE MILITARY CENTRAL MISSION CONTROL 
CENTRE IS
SITUATED 41 KM FROM MOSCOW ALONG MINSK HIGHWAY, IN A TOWN WHICH, IN THE PAST,
COULD NOT BE FOUND ON ANY CIVILIAN MAP.   IN THE 60S, IT FEATURED AS FACILITY 
NUMBER
413 AND LATER AS GALITSINO-2.   IT IS NOW KRASNOZNAMENSK.
        OUR CORRESPONDENT VLADIMIR POLOZHENTSEV VISITED THE SECRET FACILITY ON
TUESDAY.
         [BEGIN RECORDING] [POLOZHENTSEV] THE 10,000,000TH COMMUNICATION  
SESSION WAS
HELD AT APPROXIMATELY 1400 [1000 GMT] WITH THE RUSSIAN  MODULE, ZARYA, WHICH 
HAS
RECENTLY DOCKED WITH THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION.   SCREENS DO NOT SHOW
VIDEO IMAGES FROM SPACE LIKE AT KOROLEV'S MISSION CONTROL CENTRE:   JUST 
RUNNING
NUMBERS ON  MONITORS AND SHORT COMMANDS OF OFFICERS ON DUTY.   THEY TOLD US 
THAT
ALL THE EQUIPMENT OF ZVEZDA [AS HEARD] WAS WORKING WITHOUT FAIL.
        THE MILITARY CALL KRASNOZNAMENSK THE MAIN SPACE CITY.   THE COMMAND 
POST OF
THE MISSION CONTROL CENTRE RECEIVES INFORMATION  FROM ALL THE 120 RUSSIAN 
SPACE
FACILITIES.   THE POST ADJUSTS THEIR ORBITS AND ASSIGNS PROGRAMS.   OFFICERS 
ON DUTY
CONTROL NOT JUST MILITARY SATELLITES BUT ALSO THOSE WHICH ARE TRANSMITTING
RUSSIAN  PUBLIC TV PROGRAMMES RIGHT NOW.   IN 20 MINUTES, THE CENTRE'S 
COMPUTER
RECEIVES AND ANALYSES AS MUCH INFORMATION AS THE FIRST TV CHANNEL BROADCASTS 
IN
SIX MONTHS.
         TODAY, WE WERE TOLD THAT AFTER THE LAUNCH OF THE FIRST RUSSIAN  
MODULE,
ZARYA, TO THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE CENTRE, BAYKONUR WAS ALREADY CELEBRATING THE
LAUNCH WITH CHAMPAGNE.   HOWEVER, IT BECAME EVIDENT THAT ZARYA WAS NOT
RESPONDING TO SIGNALS FROM EARTH.   WITHOUT ADJUSTING ITS ORBIT, THE MODULE 
WOULD
BEGIN TO LOSE ALTITUDE AND BURN IN THE ATMOSPHERE.   IN 90 MINUTES, CHIEF TEST
ENGINEER NAZAROV CREATED A PROGRAM, WHICH WOULD TAKE AN ORDINARY SPECIALIST 10
YEARS TO WRITE.   ZARYA RESPONDED TO ITS PROGRAM KEY AND THE CONTROL OF THE 
BLOCK
WAS RESTORED.
         [ANATOLIY ZAPADINSKIY, CAPTIONED AS COMMANDER OF THE MAIN TEST AND 
SPACE
EQUIPMENT CONTROL CENTRE] HE WAS AWARDED AN ORDER FOR MILITARY ACHIEVEMENTS, A
BONUS FROM THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF AND I PAID HIM ALL THE RATION ARREARS FOR 
FOUR
YEARS.   HE WAS CONTENT AND HAPPY.
         [CORRESPONDENT] IT IS NOTEWORTHY THAT THE SAVED ZARYA MODULE COSTS 
260M
DOLLARS, WHILE AN AVERAGE MONTHLY WAGE OF THE CENTRE'S OFFICER IS R2,000.
         ALL THE OPERATIONS WITH SATELLITES ARE PERFORMED HERE IN  COMPLIANCE 
WITH THE
MILITARY TIME STANDARD.   IT IS ALSO KEPT IN  KRASNOZNAMENSK.   THE ERROR IS 
ONE
SECOND EVERY 300 BILLION YEARS.
         SPACE INFORMATION FROM THE CENTRE IS SENT TO THE DEFENCE MINISTRY, 
THE MAIN
INTELLIGENCE DIRECTORATE AND THE CIVILIAN  MISSION CONTROL CENTRE.
         ALTHOUGH OUR SATELLITE GROUPING IS GETTING OLDER, GEN  ZAPADINSKIY 
BELIEVES
THAT IT IS COPING WITH ALL THE INTELLIGENCE FUNCTIONS, FOR EXAMPLE, IN 
CHECHNYA.   IN
CASE OF A GLOBAL WAR, MOBILE COMMAND POSTS OF THE CONTROL CENTRE WILL BE
DEPLOYED.   THEY WERE SHOWN TO JOURNALISTS FOR THE FIRST TIME TODAY.   
SCHEDULED
EXERCISES OF THESE MOBILE COMPLEXES WILL BEGIN IN AUGUST.   [END RECORDING] 
[VIDEO
SHOWS CONTROL ROOM AT THE CENTRE, OFFICERS AT WORK, VIEWS OF THE TOWN, VARIOUS
GRAPHS AND MAPS, AN INTERVIEW WITH ZAPADINSKIY, MOBILE COMMAND POSTS]